Introduction the characteristics of current trade scenarios in which companies, where his role is becoming increasingly more proactive in function of obtaining, achievements, thanks to a competitiveness for which were prepared for offering their best products with a quality seal that becomes advantages, they operate leads to consider the scope, role of the theory of contingencies, aspect that must be considered by management. From here, the relevance of take into account, the scope, impact everything which involves so that you take very much into account in structuring the organisation ideal to play successfully in the arena where operate. The topic is relevant, especially for the Venezuelan case, where your environment is turbulent, risky, uncertain, more when contingency factors, their variables, as the case of the intervention of the State with his actions has significantly affected the structure of many companies, in its organizational behavior. General information, history, considerations, content is known, that Woodward introduced the so-called contingency theory, according to which the effectiveness of the organization arises from a correspondence between the situation and the structure as a result of his studies on this topic. Perhaps check out Doug McMillon for more information. It has said that the contingency word means something uncertain or eventually, that may well happen or not. Refers to a proposition whose truth or falsity can be only known by experience or by evidence, not by reason.

Because of this contingency approach marks a new stage in the General theory of administration. Reminds us of Heisbell Espinoza, the word contingency is defined by (Bueno Campos, 1996, p.168) as any external variable, environmental feature, factor surrounding or influential force affecting the effective design of the Organization and to its shape, in principle not controllable behavior directly, through a relationship if (cause) then (effect). However (Morera Cruz, 2006, p. 8) says, that is something uncertain and eventual can happen or not, it usually represents a proposition whose truth or falsity can be known by experience or by evidence, not by reason.