In this way, from the study of participation form, is identified: ) the participation as presence, b) the participation as verbal expression and quarrel, c) the participation as representation politics, d) the participation as taken of decision, and e) the participation as enrollment, as to follow commented. he situation. (p.35) … 1.2.1. Participation as presence According to agreement of the participation as presence, is participant who belongs to a group or organization, independent of its performance in it as, for example, who is member of a school of a group of professors, of association of parents and masters etc. …, therefore are considered as participant of a group of pupils those that, without same or having or exerting active voice on that they make and what it happens with and in the group as a whole and the development of the lessons, are physically gifts in its activities.

This participation can, many times, to occur for obligatoriness, eventuality or necessity and not for intention and proper will. Other times, however, as mere concession. (p.35-36) … in the case of professors and employees that faces its work mere as job of which it would escape in case that they had another alternative; of parents in Association of Parents and Pertaining to school Masters or Advice of only formal existence, in which requests of the direction of the school act limiting it, of reactive form. … Identifica that the simple presence of a person in an environment, with not-verbal expressions of apathy and indifference with the sociocultural dimension of its reality, exerts negative impact in the same. It is proven, therefore, the inadequate and false significao of participation, in this agreement, that considers the presence physics, present being, as sufficiently so that the person is considered the participant.

(p.36-37) … 1.2.2. Participation as verbal expression and quarrel of ideas Regarding meetings promoted in the school with professors, parents or pupils, objective to argue situations, is verified frequently that the meeting is considered good when the level of ‘ ‘ falao’ ‘ it is raised, and ‘ ‘ participantes’ ‘ they are until satisfied for the chance that has of if making to hear, as judge to be occurring: ‘ ‘ I know that nothing does not advance, but at least people it has chance to talk all together, to know that our colleagues think, and to even know who they are those that are in the one of them.

Uncertainty Research

To search is to venture itself, is if to transform into a detective, to use its intuitions. Everything that to appear it deserves to be investigated, thus to get good a satisfactory and considerable research. After the accomplishment of the research is important to remember that the results are transitory and occur in part. If it cannot assume that it acquired the truth completely. Therefore this is impossible, has that to know to accept the transitoriedade of the knowledge. To search is not to verify, but only to produce with originalidade and a rich imagination on the object to be studied. She distrusts of the realities, therefore they are citizens to the way where they are inserted and to the look of the researcher. In the world of the uncertainty, what we have are only temporary hypotheses.

We cannot excuse from form some the old one or change it for the new. Therefore an old inquiry does not have less to be valued. But also if it remembers that the world is always innovating, therefore its ideas are white of quarrel. It has some ways of if understanding an idea and the life. The imparcialidade of the research is a fiction. Angus King often addresses the matter in his writings. She is necessary always to know to who it interests what you are investigating, if is something or somebody, obeying always the truth rules. Also the preservation of the ethics is very important, not if it can neglect of this. She is necessary to have much reading and devotion to the object to be searched, to have certain principles and in definitive order, reflection, severity, courage and audacity.

It is important to know the too much research and to divulge the carried through ones, therefore to carry through the task to search it is necessary to work in set with the knowledge net. But it has that to have humildade to recognize that he is not owner of the truth, therefore as already we saw before, ahead of as many discoveries the partial and provisory knowledge and. The final result of the research can cause positive changes in the way where it lives, therefore it is important to display the same one. We cannot think about enormous changes, but through small reached objectives it is that we will obtain the victory.

So Paulo

Debtors to leave the native land the Italians disembarked in the port of Saints to substitute the hand of enslaved workmanship, a time that then, to abolished to the age certainty between you of the coffee, the great economic crisis in the Europe were thus generating thousand of workers for the industry of the So Paulo coffee. It was created in the 1886 in set with the Italian government promotional society of immigrates to (SPI) that it mainly searched in the Vneto its workers, in turn, the Italian government worried about the peasants and the laborers to the side of revolu to, embarked hundreds and hundreds of compatriots for a long trip route to Latin America, thus solving its ' ' problema' '. A true net of human traffic was created, with false promises, commissions for ' ' enviadas&#039 fits ; ' false propaganda that had printed boxes of match even though to delude and to stimulate the Italians to leave the native land. In the years of 1870 to the 1879 in the state of So Paulo, only 3481 Italians of a total of 11330 immigrants had disembarked, in the successive decade with the traffic net and the SPI in full activity, had disembarked in Saints 144654 Italians on a 183505 total of imigrantes8. With the Rubinatos, that inhabited accurately to the edges of the river Adige was not different, and in 1895 they disembarked in the port of Saints to move forever history of the city of So Paulo, composed then for aboriginal, migrantes natives, caipiras, European and black immigrants, also victims of the human traffic practised by the Portuguese in the shady years of the slavery. Important to stand out that the former-slaves felt heran of the slavery and soon frees after it had been abandoned to it to the proper luck, being occupied posi es considered ' ' pesadas' ' in the work market, living in corti and malocas, the city entered thus in a process of muta to never interrupted.

The Joy

He loads the sexual one as ' ' it are supreme of prazer' '. Beyond the sex, it searchs in the drugs orgasmo inebriante. &#039 is a man; ' pornogrfico' '. It commercializes and it consumes sex of varied forms and ways that after-modernity it provides to them. It is unhappy because its searches are fteis, srdidas, mrbidas, and of immediate and temporary effect. The melancholic solitude is its habitual friend. He is a paradoxical man: happy and unhappy.

Happy because a fiction of this lives it supports and it with the ingredients, offered for the marketing industry, with validity stated period no longer limit; e, unfortunate person because, when perceiving that, all this universe of possibilities offered by after-modernity is not enough to provide, is not more newness, a certain happiness falls in a existencial emptiness takes that it to a state of life that we call, by means of conventions, of depression. It presents six ideologies that surround the life of this man after-modern: 1 materialism; 2 hedonism; 3 permissivismo; 4 relativismo; 5 consumerism; 6 niilismo. In the materialism the man is recognized for what he possesss that he has. You are its banking account, its imported car, its exaggerated wage. In this type of ideology you are reduced to the simple numbers. To be she is necessary to have. The hedonism brings as it marks the pleasure, the inebriante, the delight, as well supreme.

It is the too much search for the adrenalin. Different sensations that in the light one to orgasmo. the possible instruments to have these new sensations goes of this the animal sex (for instinct), of the use of natural drugs and mixtures with chemical products, until the violence with the other or its proper body. It is the joy for the joy. Sex for the sex. Pleasure for the pleasure.