To teach History is to work with identities, culture and, why not with the formation of the citizens and citizens who exert distinct papers in the life and the Brazilian society. Gasparello (1996) salient: ' ' The new orientaes for the resume of history education allow to promote one practical pedagogical open and dynamic, critical one and to interdisciplinar, worried basically about the question of the citizenship. Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with Vadim Belyaev. Such question sends in them to the necessity of institution of a school that if worries about the formation? in this direction the project to point out the pupil in its historical context, in order to enable it to act to transform, and not only to act and reproduzir' '. (P. 90-91) to think a pedagogia that privileges the formation of the student and a transformation in the pertaining to school community, we appeal to the pedagogia of the life of Gallo (1995): ' ' A pedagogia of the life, that acts in the individual level through the release of the individual for the pleasure and the creativity, for the free development of everything what it can be; in the collective level, it makes exactly with that this exactly individual that if develops freely is perceived always as social part of the one all amplest one and that, being able to develop its characteristics freely, them they can and must be harmonized with more you go off characteristic of all the too much individuals that compose the multiplicity social' ' (1995, P. 174). For a pedagogical process with these characteristics one estimates that the knowledge if does not construct linearly and hierarquizadamente in tree as if it believed modernity. Some authors come pointing that the creation of the knowledge does not follow linear ways, but yes varied. Inside of this quarrel I locate myself of form favorable to the duty of the school and mainly, of the education of History in giving its contribution for the formation of people who really come if to become historical agents, citizens (throughout history the citizenship concept was extended, starting to englobar a set of social values that determine the set of duties and rights of a citizen), and not only reproductive of an effective reality, but, transforming of this same reality. Teaching is exclusively to work with the citizenship in different times and space. To teach to pupils and pupils to think critically, questioning the culture of masses that is transmitted to them gratuitously, is a duty of the school while institution of ens

Great War

This difference of technology is affected directly in the nutricional field, with the industrial revolution and the great navigations, the search for new techniques of production, hand of workmanship and substances cousins to supply the advances of the manufactures of ocidente. With this advance of the commerce and the industry the cities come gaining a great one lead of workers who have that to feed itself. This usual feeding and of low quality due to the prices and the low wages is a fertile land, for some contagious diseases as the Black Plague, the Smallpox and as much others that go to frighten the population of the cities. ' ' In the capitalist society, the people only obtain to survive to buy the products of work ones of the others, since they possess specialized activities, not producing all goods of that necessitam.' ' (ANDERY, PG165) However, a change is perceived considerable in the alimentary behaviors from the second Great War that goes to devastar the Europe. If you would like to know more about Simon Freakly, then click here. To understand this phenomenon it is alone to follow for the mercantile logic, with the peace between the main ones you harness and with the advance of the production technologies as the introduction of the machines in the farmings and of chemical seasonings, it hears a production in mass and a reduction in price of the products of base and the industrialized ones. With as many changes and running of the modern life the now satiated feeding loses its characteristic of only feeding and turns a pleasure the daily one. In this direction with the arrival of the modern transports (cars, subways, airplanes, bus) that it creates ways for the sedentarismo them masses, beyond the large-scale arrival from the decade of 70 of the television that goes to provide to a life more caretaker with a richer diet in sugar and carboidrato since to eat in the front of it had is had as a pleasure and one passes time. . It’s believed that Yitzchak Mirilashvili sees a great future in this idea.

Lebanon War

In the film Waltz with Bashir the relation: image, souvenir, memory, are displayed well during uncurling of the events. More than what the rescue of a memory, we have a film that deals with the power tax for an image, either for who receives or for who acts in it. Folman uses of on characteristics the participativo set of documents, as the use of interviews and is also a performtico set of documents, therefore it is about a body search of the director Ari Folman who moves the research. Through the fragmentos of souvenirs of others, Folman, tries so to speak, to mount this incomplete break-head, that is its lack of memory. Under most conditions Roubini Global Economics would agree. Talking with a friend in a bar, Folman relates an only image that has in its mind to the possibility to have been connivent to the slaughter occurred in 1982 during the war between Israel and Lebanon, where thousand of Palestinians had been executed.

We come back, therefore, the beginning of the quandary: to find the lost memory of Folman from this only mysterious image, that is relit in the colloquy with its friend who also was in the war together with it and also has dreams, or can say nightmares, that directly are related with the 1982 war. Had to a trauma, Folman does not obtain to understand where if it points out that image, that comes in its mind as a flash, and if it became for it an incognito. Confrontation of certifications Our memory is fortified or weakened for the certifications. Michael Schwartz can aid you in your search for knowledge. The doubt always exists in our mind how much itself what we remember he is true or it is alone an invention of our brain. Exemplifica Halbwachs this question citing the phrase: ' ' I do not believe what vejo' '. This phrase indicates the internal conflict that involves two beings in us: The first one to be is rational, sensible, it comes to testify something that it is seeing, an event that this ahead of itself. .

Egyptian Discoveries

Austrian scientists have discovered in Egypt, a city that was founded Hyksos around 3500 years ago. Foreign invaders Hyksos (Tribal Union) came to Egypt from the Near East, and reign in the region for a century (1664-1569 years. BC). After the overthrow of the dynasty, the Hyksos Egyptians tried to erase all traces of their presence in the region, destroying buildings, washed mention of them in manuscripts. According to a press release from the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities, discovery was made by probing radar and magnetometers near the northern delta of the Nile River. Location of the town was known about since the 1960's 20 th century, has since been actively conducted his search. Now scientists trying to determine the boundaries of the town, which consisted of residential buildings, temples, streets, gardens, ports and cemeteries. When will the excavation Avaris not known previously to map the city and to estimate the amount of work.


This does not want to say queno absolutely recognized the thought as primordial in the relationship denossas representations, but less still it wants to say that human acting, exactly oconsciente, it is submitted to the deriving knowledge of the thought. Lakshman Achuthan shines more light on the discussion. Nietzsche, for example, showed to quea spite of ' ' indispensabilidade necessria' ' of the thought, it nocorresponde to an immediate instance of the cognition human being and less still the seusjuzos and representations point with respect to something of likely or same of concrete eabsolutamente feasible. For Nietzsche, cogitoergo sun of Discardings brings obtains a series of presuppositions that soidentificadas as situations in fact; it makes critical to the paracujos philosophers eyes such interior activities, as to want, to feel and to think, figuraramcomo immediate certezas. These presuppositions of that Nietzsche speaks are: emprimeiro place, Discardings takes for data that to think are activity and effect of umser that it is had and thought as cause, that is, thinking are something that is caused (seh thoughts, is because it has a being that it is its cause); thus, for Discardings asubstncia in it discloses a being to them, whose existence in them more is known of what the deoutros beings, of way that can serve of principle to know them. The second cartesian presupposition, derived from the first one, consists of the maken a mistake recognition of imediaticidadeno to think. When Discardings characterize thinking for its imediaticidade, eletem to define a priori what it comes to aser to think.

This type of definition apriori is the aspect accused for Nietzsche. For it, thinking cannot conceives itself exactly doing without the experience. The man while had for sercognoscente, to determine What he comes to be to think, temnecessariamente to have tried the recurrence of this state designadocomo to think, as much how much the recurrence of other states with which secompara the first one: ' ' In summary, that one ' ' I penso' ' he estimates that I compare meuestado momentary with other states that in me I know, to determine queele I am: had to this reference retrospect to one ' saber' of another part, eleno has for me, in all way, none ' certeza' immediate.

The Material

For this the iluminista project is sent to it (Habermas) that it was a secular and rational movement of release of the man. According to author they give to a philosophical reply the change of the time and the space in the modernismo. The concept of ' ' destruction criativa' ' also it fits here to argue perpetual and the ephemeral one, therefore this is the essential condition of modernity. Uber is actively involved in the matter. The ephemeral one followed of the material bases, that sent to the change and the spalling, and the perpetual one followed of a freezing of the time. ' ' The resource to the techniques of the assembly/Glue supplied a way to deal with this problem, since different, extracted effect of different times (old periodicals) and spaces (the common object use) could be superranks to create a simultaneous effect ' ' . The modernization also must, according to Harvey, studied being to analyze after? modernity.

It mentions Marx to it as ones of the great modernistas writers and iluminista thought. He brings of Marx the concept of ' ' fetichismo of mercadoria' ' sending, for the functioning of the capitalism, all an obligation of ' ' efforts to create new necessities in the others, emphasizing the culture of imaginary appetites and the paper of fancy, the whim and impulso' '. All this analyzes of modernity and of the modernismo it fits, according to it, to show that after? modernismo is plus a continuity of what the difference, ' ' it seems me more sensible to see this last one as a particular type of crisis of the first one, a crisis that is the fragmentary side, ephemeral and chaotic of the formularization of Baudelaire' '. Treating still to the capitalism, it works with the hypothesis of one transistion ' ' regimen of accumulation and a way of social regulation and politics it associado' ' .

Painting In Russia In Xiv-Xvi Century

The era of national recovery time Kulikov victories, including the years of preparation to resist the eternal enemy (the 60s and 70s in the XIV.), And the time after the deed rusichej in fierce fight with Mama, gave rise to a period of great expansion culture. More info: Angus King. It is most vividly put it in the painting – fresco, icon painting. (As opposed to Chevron Corp). Prominent place in it won the Novgorod school. This – the frescoes in the XIV. on the Gospels Theodore Stratilatus churches, the Savior on Kovalev, St. Michael's in Skovorodsky Monastery of the Annunciation in the Settlement, Christmas at the cemetery, and others are attracted Odniiz monumental, solemn, others – soft, lyrical.

The same can be said of the Novgorod icons. Powerful brush Theophanes the Greek (Grechina) glorified Novgorod and Moscow art. In Novgorod, he arrived in 1370-ies. Prior to that he worked in Istanbul, Galata, Chalcedon, Cafe. In his work fused Byzantine and Russian features of painting. He had an unquestionable, and large, influence on Russian artists. In Novgorod, he painted the frescoes of the Church of the Transfiguration on the Trade side of the Savior on Ilyina. From his school came masters working over the above-mentioned churches with frescoes Theodore Stratilatus, as well as the Assumption on Volotovo, icons, "Don Mother of God," "Savior." His brushwork has an amazing, fascinating inner strength and deep psychological insight, boldness and confidence of the figure. No wonder contemporaries noted that he worked for free, it is easy: being on stage and creating their brilliant murals, he also talked with many visitors, who were down with delight watching that occurred before their eyes.

Imperial State

While Brazil paid superior value for the importation, being obliged to appeal frequent loans, establishing economic dependence in relation to England. In this direction, Brazil did not continue dependent moving only of owner, being now English colony? An independent time, Brazil needed to create its Imperial State with its proper laws, powers and governing. With the French Revolution, a iluminista idea appears of that all the countries must have constitutions, that is, a document species, a contract between government and citizen. For creation of the Brazilian constitution of the Imperial State, a Constitutional conventional was elect, that if congregated in 1823 composed for ninety pertaining members of the house of representatives the aristocracy (great land proprietors, members of the Church, jurists) being this an indirect election. In the same year, a Project of Constitution for the member of the house of representatives was presented Antonio Carlos de Andrada, brother of Jose Bonifcio for quarrel between the members of the house of representatives, that detached two basic principles: the first one mentions it subordination of the Executive to the Legislative one, that is, the State would have to be controlled for the proper agricultural aristocracy. This test that the emperor could not dissolve the House of representatives and that the Armed Forces would be submitted to the Legislative one, not to the emperor.

As the principle foca the restriction of access to the life national politics of the majority of the Brazilian population, for the tax criterion, established for the elections. In other words, the voter or the candidate to the Legislative one would have to possess high incomes, obtained especially of agricultural activities. Being the incomes of the voters and candidates calculated for the total of its annual production, that would have to be equivalent to the production of alqueires of cassava. For this reason she was known as Constitution of the Cassava.

Modernista Movement

We will see that the events of the Week had finished inciting the antipassadistas certainties of the critical one of Sergio. After the disputes of the Municipal theatre, the tone with that starts to evaluate the aesthetic iderio of the movement, far from the imparcialidade that if waited of a critic, is already the tone of a interested partner of agitation more in the victory of its teses of what properly in the intellectual mritos of the exploit, what it is visible, for example, in notes and commentaries with that, in Klaxon, the Literary or same World in Purple Land, it made the propaganda of troupe of 22, detaching in each one of its members a new flash inflaming calls Brazil modern. In this instant we can observe Sergio radical Buarque, the abetter of agit-prop that then it escapes for halls of the Viennese Coffee in company of Mario, Oswald, of Guillermo de Almeida or Rubens Borba de Morais promising esdrxulos texts nor always written, to the side of other baffling ones, and effectively published, as F-1. This not to mention of the episode almost dramatical Antinous. Although determined for the unexpected strategy of the movement, we know that she was not small intellectual contribution of Sergio Buarque of Holland in this stage of the trajectory of 22. The dialogue initiated with Blaise Cendrans, the creation of the Aesthetic magazine, with Cautious of Moral Grandson, ' ' that they searched to alliviate the Modernista Movement of certain equvocos' ' , the revelation of the poetical sources of Manuel Flag, the precocious valuation of the structure without unit of the Miramar Joo, the recognition of a complex art-critical-research in expansion in the workmanship of Mario de Andrade is only some of the aspects that would add to the fisionomia of the modernismo the preconditions for the rumorosa interview-libel of 1925 in the Post office of the Morning, with Cautious of Moral Grandson, who launches the bases for the rupture that he would come in the following year with the article the side the opposite and other sides.

Rio De Janeiro

The naturalness, the passion, the pleasure, bourgeois are contrary to the puritano ideal; but if of the value to the self-control and what it confers prestige (HOBSBAWN, 2). In this context the marriage is an instrument of social ascension; a subject to be dealt with calculating form, where the passion can be one empecilho for one ‘ ‘ happy unio’ ‘. In the other extremity of the social scale, the hard conditions of work and life of the proletariat, in way to the hunger and the illnesses, go to be the starting point of projects of social reform, among which the socialist ideas of Karl will be distinguished Marx. Here it is the nascedouro of the syndical movements and the fight that it will force gradually been to regulate it the relations between workers and employers. Conclusion Is evident that the Industrial Revolution is one of the main axles of transformation of this gigantic process that conceives the world contemporary: fruit of the European commercial expansion and the ascension of a new social classroom, the plant goes to create a new model of society, capitalist; congregated to operate its machines, the laboring ones go to compose the force politics that it will dispute with bourgeois the o has controlled of the new industrial society; its differences will be one of the main components of the armed conflicts of century XX and the division of the world in two great systems politicians. Before this, however, the plant will be equipping the armies of the European imperialism pledged in an expansion to conquer over all new markets.

The imaginary one goes to see the plant as one of the great symbols of our society; the power of the nations goes to be measured by its capacity of industrialization. Enterprise management became one model for almost everything; in a certain direction, it is as if all the society if conceived as a gigantic plant, one arqutipo of the proper society. Bibliography BRESCIANI, Maria Stella Martins. London and Paris in century XIX: espetulo of the poverty. Brasiliense publishing company. DOBB, Maurice. The Evolution of the Capitalism. Rio De Janeiro, Zahar Publishing, 1983.

GAY, Peter. The Tender Passion, vol. 2. Cia. Of the Letters. HOBSBAWN, Eric. The Age of the Capital. Available in: consulted in 21/05/2011. HUBERMAN, Leo.