Parliamentary Control

Budget is the process for which to almost elaborate, to express, to execute and to evaluate the level of fulfilment of totality of the program of government, administration and efetivao and execution of the general plans of partner-economic development. ITS England SPROUTING Article 12 of the Great celebrity Letter, granted in 1.217 for the King Joo Without Land, no tribute or aid will be instituted in the Kingdom, seno for the common advice, except with the end rescuing the person of the King, making its first-born knight and to marry its older son one no tax would be charged without the knowledge of the country given by the Parliament. France As well as the English case, in France the budgetary institution appeared> later the adoption of the beginning of the popular assent of the tax granted by the Revolution of 1.789, in the Napoleonic period that was completely authoritarian, the representative control of the creation of taxes was not respected, being thus one of the few chances where the principle was infringed. Through the Restoration the National Assembly of 1.815 started to participate of the budgetary process, thus decreeing the Annual Financial Law that served to control the detailing of the endowments, and from 1.831 the Parliamentary Control on the Budget passed to be complex. Click John Grayken to learn more. United States The reinantes maturity politics in the colonies would take of any form Independence, the beginning of the conflicts was stimulated by the launching of the Tax for the English Parliament the default of any consultation to the interested parties, therefore the search of the popular legitimation of the tribute also is found when of the launching of the bases of the American Nation. The Commission of Ways Resources played the role of planning agency, that consolidated the sectorial programs and made possible a vision of set of the finances of the State, in 1.865 it lost its centralizadora function and started to divide with other commissions the authority on the credits of expenditures.

Fiscal Responsibility

The idea was to reduce the public expenses and to obtain resources for investments in basic capital stock. Fiscal balance, with increase of taxes and cut of the expenditures of the government, mainly the expenditure. Exactly after the enxugamento promoted for Collor, Brazilian machine was very heavy and prodigal. Opening economic, promoting the reduction of some tariffs of importation? Exchange Contingenciamento with the maintenance of the exchange has controlled of the Central banking. Restrictive monetary politics with the famous increase of the basic tax of interests and the tax of obligatory deposit of the banks aiming at to hold the liquidity and an eventual explosion of the demand when the things started to normalize.

The measures that if had followed in the mat of the Real Plan, as the goals of inflation of the public deficit (1999), the law of the Fiscal Responsibility (2000), the exchange politics (1999 and 2000) with the freedom of action of the market forces (purchase and sales) had been basic and essential for the success of the plan and the stabilization of Brazil. She is necessary to leave clearly that the world-wide scene collaborated very for the consolidation of the Real Plan and for its virtues. All the measures had been based in logical and defendable beddings under some aspects. The critics exist, some of the measures can have been taken in bigger doses that the necessary ones, as the case of the interests, but the important one was the final result and the defeat of the inflationary spiral that corroia the public finances generating all order of disobediences, corruption and social injustice. The important one to stand out with respect to any economic measure is the great influence of external and exgenos factors. For example, the 1929 crisis had fort influence in the politics of the national coffee, and the recent ones as the fall of the American stock market in 1987, the Japanese deflation at the beginning of 1990, the Scandinavian crisis of 1992, the Mexican insolvency of 1994, the Asian crisis of 1997, the Russian crisis of 1998 and the attack of 11 of September that paralyzed the world.

New Technologies

SUMMARY the new technologies had in recent years brought one better assistance to the health, through scientific studies and new treatments, making with that the alive and more better human being. Problems and challenges point with respect to the necessity of if producing advances as for the structural questions. The internal auditorship is the ramification of the accounting that allows to analyze procedures with intention to identify imperfections and deficiencies to consider improvements that can take care of to the expectations of users and managers. Find out detailed opinions from leaders such as Nouriel Roubini by clicking through. This article has as objective generality: to detach the paper of the internal control and the auditorship in the municipal public health. As objective specific: to present the evolution of the auditorship and has controlled intern in the support to the management; to point the importance of the principles of the efficiency and effectiveness in the management in the sector of the health; to identify to relative legislation the public administration in the internal control and auditorship. One is about a bibliographical research with methodology, inductive. Word-key: Internal control Auditorship.

Management of the Services of health. ABSTRACTNew technologies have brought to better health care in recent yearsthrough scientific studies and new treatments, that human beings live to only longer and to better. However the health sector backdiscontent because of the difficulties in effectiveness, since it is exclusive and expensive. Thus, there is need you reverse this situation and seek new management options in the control and evaluation become indispensable. Goal This article has the overall: you highlight the rolls of internal themunicipal control and auditing in public health. Specific objectives: you has determines whethermanagement efficiently and effectively; check the planning, monitoring and evaluation of actions in health services; see if there is an educational rolls, not just inspecting, controlling and punitive.

It is literature with methodology, inductive. Key words: Audit. Internal control. Management. Health services.


The bilingual letramento (LIBRAS-Portuguese), will be able to take the child deaf person to recognize the peculiarities of the Portuguese language, reaching success in excessively you discipline, whose learning is mediated by the capacity to read. In my experience and I have observed that the conditions of the attendance to the deaf person are very on this side of what inclusion is said. Observing an limited percentage of enabled professors to receive the deaf person in an inclusive perspective, as well as a lack in relation to the knowledge of the POUNDS. What it has taken to the difficulty of communication in room and to the damage in the education process/learning. Where, most of the time, the verbal method finishes being the only form of education, does not have presence of interpreter in classroom, has deaf people that it does not have a language of signals developed well, and rare notices it existence of bilingual educators. What if it ahead constitutes in great empecilho for full development of the deaf pupil front the activity of education and of the requirement of a society scholar. When considering the POUNDS? Brazilian language of Signals – as base for the education of the Portuguese language, the understanding becomes essential, of that the education experience learning for the deaf person will occur of visual form and that in this process, exactly with the presence of the interpreter, the paper of the professor is basic so that deaf child develops and uses its language of natural form and constitutes its knowledge of world, being possible, in such a way, the agreement of the pertaining to school contents, and a significant learning. What it is perceived in the following affirmation of (BAKHTIN, 1995, P. 112, In MACIEL and BRANDO, 2010; ' ' In relation to the using deaf child of the language of signals, one becomes necessary to consider that this language assumes the mediation between the interlocutors and establishes the process of construction of the knowledge (as for example, of the pertaining to school concepts), therefore such process does not happen outside of the language: ' ' mental activity without expression does not exist, but, in contrast, it is the expression that organizes the mental activity, shapes that it and determines its orientao' '.

Three Steps Faster

A good time management may be the essence of being successful at what you do.This is the most preferred skill to achieve ultimate success in a world that moves so fast. Follow these golden rules to know how to manage their time better. Able to identify which is the lost time: what know is killing their time. Lose the time are things that can penetrate their precious hours. You should know identify and eliminate that which takes time. for example: meet the phones for more than 5 minutes during your productive time (work, work at home, etc) kills your productivity, efficiency and puts control over their time management skills. Make to-do lists: make a list of all the important things in your life you need to give attention and start working with them.

We all have in mind a myriad activities that we must or wish to carry out, and in this sense a fundamental key for the domain of the time management is prioritization. It is absolutely necessary to know what want to achieve and then do it. Living in a society that is moving at a very rapid pace you can be distracted by many things in life. Our fast-paced world has too many of these to offer. When you allow distractions to pass a priority, diverts your focus and sacrificed the time management… Things you should include in your list of priorities:-make a list of their main goals in life. -Later of write down things that meeting, assign them a certain period. -Give priority to the items that you want to achieve in order of importance. The last thing is to start thinking about the respective game plans to achieve each of your goals in your already scheduled calendar.


The expression ' ' to intervine when necessrio' ' , typical and mstica flag of the neoliberalismo, fell in disuse, if it is that one day was used to reach the considered objectives. If the maneuverers of the executive locomotive badly know to conjugate the verb ' ' intervir' ' , qui will know to search the extension of ' ' necessrio' '. It is certain that the magnanimous devices corroborate so that the State intervenes, minimum, are clearly, in the economic order. But it is certain, also, that the half interpretativos, such as the analogy and the teleologia, are tracks that can lead this Maria Smoke for diverse ways, to the bel pleasure of the conductors. To operate to the light of article 173 of the Constitution is to have the assent to act its proper prerogatives in accordance with, a time that is not easy to tipificar what he would be ' ' excellent interest coletivo' ' , of the caption of the related article, which is: ' ' Excepted the cases foreseen in this Constitution, the direct exploration of economic activity for the State alone it will be allowed when necessary to the imperatives of the national security or the excellent collective interest, as defined in lei.' ' The interpretation, or better, the interpreter makes the party! Because not to collect in face of the project? Because not to collect in virtue of the improvement of project B? However, they are taxes to be able to accomplish what it is foreseen in the Constitution. However, it is an interference that objective to satisfy the excellent interest collective.

The image, presented as study object, is the sketch of the extremities of the intervention of the State in the economy. In the one, interference in the private economy it is so great that the suplication for an end is more than what ftica. In another one, the interference is so favorable that not awaken concerns. Attempting against it the paragraph 4, of the very same article, we verify that: ' ' The law will restrain the abuse of the economic power that it aims at to the domination of the markets, the elimination of the competition and the arbitrary increase of lucros.' ' To arrive at the conclusion of that the intervention of the State in the economy alone has solid endorsement when this to objectify the levelling of the Market so is complicated?

Company Demands

The table above presents the relation of the individual demand in a company. In it is demonstrated to 4 (four) prices of stoves different and also 4 (four) different ones in the refrigerators and frzeres the reduction was of 10% for 5%, in the machines to wash of 20% for 10%, in the stoves of 5% for 0%, in the tanquinhos to wash clothes was of 10% for 0%. The reduction of the IPI according to Jorge Herzog 2, executive Director of the Group Bread of Sugar, was that: In view of all the products> benefited for the reduction of the IPI, the sales 20% had gone up, and the prices had fallen between 8% and 13%. The stoves had been who had been more distinguished, with high of 25% in its sales in relation the 15 (fifteen) a few days ago that the reduction of the tax had not happened still. According to managing of marketing of the Store Columbus, Thiago Baisch 3, ' ' The reduction of the IPI despertou the curiosity of the consumer, who was to the store to buy and to search preos' '. On the basis of the site G1 of, we can also say, that it had an increase of 25% in the sales in the Magazine store Luiza and the store Cold Point, that according to its director had an increase in the sales and an increase in the number of people who visit the store of the net in all Brazil. With this we can affirm that the great nets of Brazil had been the first ones to also feel the improvement in the movement in its respective store, registering an increase of consumers and a rise in the sales. Although the world-wide crisis not to have directly affected Brazil, it made with that it reduced the production and demand sufficiently.

The Competition

Thus, the new processes production will tend to prosper will be being used for the economic agents. The development is to produce different products, using different resources in different way (SCHUMPETER, 1988 and 1997). The change technique is basic for the economic development that it induces to an inexorable capitalist dynamics. The innovative competition is the main impulsionadora of the transformations in the production processes and capitalist reproduction. From the evolution, stimulated for the competition process, the state of balance detached in the circular flow is breached. Whose main sources are: new raw material products, new markets, new sources, new methods of production and, new activities, or new forms of organization created by the innovative firm.

They are new combinations that would impactariam in the economic system, would give a reply and would play the competitiveness of the economy in another platform. Thus, SCHUMPETER (1988, P. 48; apud FIELDS, 2004, P. 15), detaches new fronts of the change technique with being able of impactar directly in the capitalist dynamics and in turn in the concorrencial process: ' ' 1) Introduction of new well – that is, a good to that the consumers not yet are made familiar – or of a new quality of a good; 2) Introduction of a new method of production, that is, a method that not yet has been tested for the experience in the proper branch of the transformation industry, that by no means it needs to be based on one scientifically new discovery, and can also consist of new way to manejar a merchandise commercially; 3) Opening of a new market, that is, of a market where the particular branch of the industry of transformation of the country in question has not still entered, wants this market has existed before or not; 4) Conquest of a new source of offers of raw materials, or semimanufactured goods, one more time independently of the fact of that this source already existed, or had that to be created; 5) Establishment of a new organization of any industry, as the creation of a monopoly position (for example, for the trustificao), or the spalling of a position of monoplio.' ' The notes of Schumpeter determine the new way operandi of the process of competition between firms reflecting in excessively the economic agents.


Until there, the addition of programs of stimulaton, fiscal exemptions, emission of currencies and announced headings already and still foreseen goes to arrive the US$ 5 trillions. The heads of State and government had also agreed to improving the regulation of financial system, also for deep of hedge; to compel the fiscal paradises to give information; to remodel the institutions multilateral, giving to be able of vote the emergent countries; to prevent protectionistic measures and to retake the Doha Round; to increase the aid to the poor countries. Beyond the guarantee of resources for economies that to face difficulties, the G-20 presented a package of measures that it intends to strengthen the security of the financial system in order to previnir future crises. They are: – more regulation: all the financial insituies, instruments and markets ' ' systematically importantes' ' , they must be regulated, including hedge funds (of high risk); – payments of executives: new down payments and compensation had been instituted to prevent payment projects that encoragem the execessivo risk and leads to the payment of today fought bond; – bank reserves: the banks must constitute capital more during the times good to obtain to face the bad scenes, but when only to recover. Many banks they had needed capital injections during the crisis; – classification agencies: this company, much criticized by giving high classification for asset that if they had shown risky. they will have an international code of action to eliminate conflicts of interests; – commerce: rejection of protectionistic commercial measures and plus other US$ 250 billion to help to unlock the global commerce. Moreover, an agreement for &#039 was closed; ' to act urgentemente' ' in the conclusion of the Round of Doha of liberalization of the world-wide commerce; – fiscal paradises: &#039 will be plublicada a list of these; ' locais' ' , that they will be able to suffer sanctions if not to agree to the rules imposed for the international community. The thick way the result of the meeting of the G-20 can be considered very positive since the agenda of the rich countries (of the staff of blue eyes) found many points of agreement with the one of the poor countries.

Well truth, that given advancing of the crisis, the world-wide leaders did not have many options, not to be to hold in hands ones of the others and to pray together. Mine v always said: ' ' Of where less one expects that it has left some thing from there exactly that it does not leave nothing! ' '. This time it left. Bibliography: Periodical the State of So Paulo, edition 42,171 of 03 of April of 2009Revista That is Money, edition 600 of 08 of April of 2009Revista of the Week, edition 82 of 09 of April of 2009